Your Guide to Terpenes
One great part of being a hemp consumer or patient is the ability to smell the array of fragrances that the plant flowers. These scents range from fruity to cheesy aromas. The smells often come from what’s called terpenes or terpenoids. Below we break down your need to know on why terpenes are important.
Terpenes are chemicals that give off different types of scents. They are organic hydrocarbons which can be found in the essential oil of your plant. Terpenes have recently become a buzzword in the hemp and health communities. Pure Hemp offers a CBD Shatter with terpenes. Let’s break down what these chemicals are, and what they are doing that’s causing studies to surface
What Are Terpenes?
Many people use the words terpenes and terpenoids interchangeably, although they mean different things. Terpenes are defined as the naturally occurring combination of hydrogen and carbon, but terpenoids are terpenes that are processed and modified through drying and curing.
Terpenes are made in the trichomes of plants. Trichomes feel sticky, and look mushroom-shaped. These crystals cover the leaves and buds. Trichomes are a built in defense system for nature. They protect the plant from harmful insects or animals by producing fragrant terpenes that repel the danger.
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Did you know there are over 100 different identified terpenes in the cannabis plant alone?. Many researchers break terpenes down into sweet, sour, spicy, or bitter — and each category breaks into more species based on fragrance.
What Types of Terpenes?
Limonene smells like citrus It can be-found in lemons, oranges and limes rinds, leaving them with that fruity smell.
Limonene has been used for centuries as a powerful antifungal treatment with antibacterial properties. It’s also a natural insecticide.
Limonene is absorbed through inhalation and has even been shown to help improve the absorption of other terpenes through the skin and body. Limonene is also commonly used in the practice of aromatherapy as a stress-relieving, relaxed, and mood-enhancing form of therapy.
Commonly found in pine trees (duh). Pinene actually comes in two classifications. Apha smells like pine needles and is the most common terpene found in nature. The other is beta, which smells like rosemary, basil, dill, or parsley. This has been used all over the world for its healing properties for thousands of years
Pinene is a potent bronchodilator and is believed to improve airflow throughout the lungs. It also helps with inflammation issues and has even been used as a local antiseptic.
Pinene crosses the blood-brain barrier aiding with improved memory and alertness. It’s even believed to help restore memory loss associated with THC usage.
Myrcene is most often found in mangoes, hops, thyme, and lemongrass. Myrcene is-said to be one of the most abundant terpenes within cannabis plants. Myrcene presence determines whether a strain is indica or sativa. If a plant has more than 0.5% myrcene, it will have indica-like effects. Anything less than 0.5% makes sativa effects. Myrcene has also been used for its antibiotic, analgesic, and anti-mutagenic effects.
Linalool’s aroma is light and floral, and it is found most often in lavender. This terpene is widely known for helping to reduce stress. Linalool is used as an anti-anxiety, antidepressant, and sedative. Linalool is also used to aid with seizure symptoms and provide relief for those suffering with mental illness.
Why Do You Want Terpenes?
These are just a few of the more commonly known terpenes. While a lot of research needs to be conducted before any brand can make any definitive claims many customers are going ahead and testing it for themselves. Aromatherapy connects our brain to memories and endorphin release. Terpenes combined with certain products such as the cannabinoids within CBD oils help many customers find relief for a wide number of issues.